obaketyan (obaketyan) wrote,

From Young Learners by Sarah Philips (Oxford)

1. What should Very Young Learners learn?
... On the physical side, children need to develop balance, spatial awareness, and fine control of certain muscles in order to perform everyday actions (dressing themselves, cleaning their teeth, colouring, drawing, and writing).
... Social skills: children need to develop a series of characteristics to enable them to fit into the society they live in, to become aware of themselves in relation to others, to share and co-operate, and to be assertive without being aggressive.
... children need to learn how to learn

The younger learners are the more holistic (entire, integral) learners they will be. They respond to lang according to what it does or what they can do with it, rather than treating it as an intellectual game or abstract system. So they don't make the analytical links that older learners do (???????)

2. Activities
Bear in mind:
- The activities should be simple enough to understand what is expected of them;
- The task should be within their abilities (but sufficiently stimulating for them to feel satisfied with their work);
- The activities should be largely orally based
- Children of 6-7 years old are often not yet proficient in the mechanics of writing in their own lang.

Activities that work well :
- games and songs;
- TPR;
- tasks that involve colouring, cutting, sticking, modelling;
- simple repetitive stories;
- simple repetitive speaking activities that have an obvious communicative value.

3. Ideal classroom zones:
- an area of easily movable desks and chairs;
- an open space for action songs and games;
- a quite corner for reading or self-study;
- a table and notice-board where the children's work can be displayed.
Tags: english for vyl
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